Implement a custom PSR-3 logger

Changing the PSR-3 implementation, which is used by OXID eShop is as easy as creating a PHP function named getLogger() in the file source/modules/functions.php.

This new global function will completely override the implementation as defined in source/overridablefunctions.php.

Note

The file source/modules/functions.php does not exist by default and may have to be created first.

\getLogger() must return an instance of a PSR-3 compatible logging implementation. Of course you can write your own implementation. But you can also use Monolog as a base. It offers plenty of possibilities with lots of existing Handlers, Formatters or Processors.

Code example

The following code example implements \getLogger() using Monolog and phpdotenv. It is just a quick sketch to give you an idea, of what if possible.

/**
 * Return an instance of a PSR-3 compatible logger
 *
 * @return \Psr\Log\LoggerInterface
 */
function getLogger()
{
    $exceptionFormatter = new \Monolog\Formatter\LineFormatter();
    $exceptionFormatter->includeStacktraces(true);

    /**
     * In development environments everything will be logged to the browser console
     */
    if ('DEV' === getenv('ENVIRONMENT')) {
        // See custom formatter example below
        // $exceptionFormatter = new \MyNamespace\ExceptionFormatter();
        // $exceptionFormatter->includeStacktraces(true);

        $debugHandler = new \Monolog\Handler\BrowserConsoleHandler(\Monolog\Logger::DEBUG);
        $debugHandler->setFormatter($exceptionFormatter);

        $logger = new Logger('test logger');
        $logger->pushHandler($debugHandler);
    }

    /**
     * In testing environments nothing will be logged.
     * This may no make a lot of sense, depending on the use case.
     */
    if ('TEST' === getenv('ENVIRONMENT')) {
        $logger = new Psr\Log\NullLogger();
    }

    /**
     * In staging and productive environments errors are collected in Sentry.
     */
    if (
        'STAGE' === getenv('ENVIRONMENT') ||
        'PROD' === getenv('ENVIRONMENT')
    ) {
        //
        $ravenClient = new \Raven_Client(getenv('SENTRY_DSN'));
        $errorHandler = new Monolog\Handler\RavenHandler(
            $ravenClient,
            \Monolog\Logger::ERROR
        );
        $errorHandler->setFormatter($exceptionFormatter);

        $logger = new Logger('MyShop logger');
        $logger->pushHandler($debugHandler);
    }

    /**
     * Really critical stuff should be logged to an instant messaging channel
     * like Pushover or Slack.
     */
    if ('PROD' === getenv('ENVIRONMENT')) {
        $criticalHandler = new \Monolog\Handler\PushoverHandler(
            getenv('PUSHOVER_TOKEN'),
            [getenv('PUSHOVER_PRIMARY_SUPPORT_LEVEL_USER'), getenv('PUSHOVER_CTO_USER')],
            'Critical error on shop XY. Your immediate action required.',
            \Monolog\Logger::CRITICAL
        );

        $logger = new Logger('MyShop logger');
        $logger->pushHandler($criticalHandler);
    }

    /**
     * You may use a processor, which enriches the log record with contextual information,
     * like the Session ID, shop ID or the current memory usage.
     */
     // $myProcessor = new \MyNamespace\Processor();
     // $logger->pushProcessor($myProcessor);

    return $logger;
}

Changing the default log Monolog message structure

The message structure used by Monolog can easily be customized by configuration.

If the configuration options are not sufficient for you needs, you can also implement a custom LineFormatter like this:

/**
 * This code is for PHP versions 7.x ONLY
 */
class ExceptionFormatter extends LineFormatter
{

    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function format(array $record)
    {
       if ($record['context'][0] instanceof \Throwable) {
            /** @var \Exception $exception */
            $exception = $record['context'][0];

            /** @var DateTime $dateTime */
            $dateTime = $record['datetime'];
            $timestamp = $dateTime->format("Y-m-d\TH:i:s.uO");
            $exceptionClass = get_class($exception);
            $file = $exception->getFile();
            $line = $exception->getLine();
            $code = $exception->getCode();
            $message = $exception->getMessage();

            $output = "[$timestamp] [{$record['level_name']}] [type $exceptionClass] [file {$file}] [line {$line}] [code {$code}] [message {$message}]" . PHP_EOL;

            $trace = $exception->getTraceAsString();
            $lines = explode(PHP_EOL, $trace);
            foreach ($lines as $line) {
                $output .= "[$timestamp] [{$record['level_name']}] [stacktrace] " . $line . PHP_EOL;
            }
        }

        return $output;
    }
}

// You would use it instead of the default formatter in the example above
$exceptionFormatter = new \MyNamespace\ExceptionFormatter();
$exceptionFormatter->includeStacktraces(true);