How to use events

There are three steps:

  1. Choosing the event(s) you want to subscribe to
  2. Writing the event subscriber
  3. Registering the event subscriber in the DI container

Choosing the event(s)

First you need to find the event you want to react to. Look in the different sections here in the developer documentation which event(s) you want to subscribe to.

For our example here we chose two events, the AfterModelInsertEvent and the AfterModelUpdateEvent. What we want to do is to write a log entry every time a new model object is saved or updated in the database.

Writing the subscriber

We want our subscriber class ModelLoggerEventSubscriber to be shopaware, that means, it should be only triggered in sub shops where the module, in which this event subscriber is implemented, is activated. To achieve this, we inherit from AbstractShopAwareEventSubscriber.

The subscriber class is very simple. It has a constructor, handler methods and one static method.

Let’s begin with the constructor. The constructor expects a PSR compatible logger. Apart from that type hinting is always a good practice, we need it here explicitly because we want to autowire the logger in the DI container, so this type hint is necessary.

The next method logDatabaseActivity writes the information to the logfile by using the injected PSR logger. It takes the model as a parameter which is extracted from the payload of the event.

The method logDatabaseActivity is called by our handler methods logDatabaseUpdate and logDatabaseInsert. These methods are called if the corresponding event is triggered. As parameter they receive the individual event object from which we extract the payload to pass it to our log method. In this case we extract the model object that is saved to the database by using method getModel. What the payload of the event is and what methods you may expect depends on each event. Therefore consult the documentation or the event code what you may get here.

And last but not least there is this static method called getSubscribedEvents. This method is necessary to implement because it’s used by the Symfony event dispatching mechanism. It returns an associative array where the event names are the keys and the value is the corresponding handler method name to call if the event gets triggered. It is the convention for OXID events that they have a static property NAME that provides the name of the event, so use this static property in getSubscribedEvents. In our example we use our handler method logDatabaseUpdate for the AfterModelUpdateEvent while the AfterModelInsertEvent is linked to the logDatabaseInsert method. The actual workflow - writing to the log - is transfered to our logDatabaseActivity method.

<?php declare(strict_types=1);
namespace OxidEsales\EventExample;

use OxidEsales\EshopCommunity\Internal\Framework\Event\AbstractShopAwareEventSubscriber;
use OxidEsales\EshopCommunity\Internal\Transition\ShopEvents\AfterModelInsertEvent;
use OxidEsales\EshopCommunity\Internal\Transition\ShopEvents\AfterModelUpdateEvent;
use Psr\Log\LoggerInterface;
use Symfony\Component\EventDispatcher\Event;

class ModelLoggerEventSubscriber extends AbstractShopAwareEventSubscriber
{
    /** @var LoggerInterface */
    private $logger;

    public function __construct(LoggerInterface $logger)
    {
        $this->logger = $logger;
    }

    private function logDatabaseActivity(Object $model)
    {
        $id = 'unknown';

        try {
            $id = $model->getId();
        } catch (\Exception $e) {
            // pass
        }

        $this->logger->info('Saved object of type ' . get_class($model) . ' with id ' . $id);
    }

    public function logDatabaseUpdate(AfterModelUpdateEvent $event)
    {
        $this->logDatabaseActivity($event->getModel());
    }

    public function logDatabaseInsert(AfterModelInsertEvent $event)
    {
        $this->logDatabaseActivity($event->getModel());
    }

    public static function getSubscribedEvents()
    {
        return [
            AfterModelUpdateEvent::NAME => 'logDatabaseUpdate',
            AfterModelInsertEvent::NAME => 'logDatabaseInsert',
        ];
    }
}

Registering the event subscriber

Just add a services.yaml file to your module. This file should look like this for our example:

services:

  _defaults:
    public: false
    autowire: true

  OxidEsales\EventExample\ModelLoggerEventSubscriber:
    tags: ['kernel.event_subscriber']

The _defaults section is not strictly necessary since there is only one service defined. But often your module will have several services. Then it makes sense to introduce a defaults section. Event subscribers should never be called directly, but only by the event mechanism. Therefore set it to private by adding public: false. Autowire should be true instead to enable the usage of autowiring in your event subscriber. In our example this is necessary to be able to autowire the logger service we want to use in our subscriber. This default definition is also the default for OXID services, so make it a habit to include this in all your services.yaml files also.

Then there is the quite simple service definition. We use the class path of the subscriber as key for the service. In principle we could have used any string, but it is also good practice to use something truly unique, so the fully qualified class name is a good choice. If there would be a unique interface, it would even be better, but due to every event subscriber implementing the same interface this is not a good choice here. Since we use our class namespace as service identifier, we do not need to specify any value for the class key which you probably have seen before in other service definitions where the interface namespace is used as an identifier. This makes our definition even more simple.

Last but not least what we need to add is the tag that qualifies this service as an event subscriber. That’s all. Instantiating the class, injecting the logger and calling the event handler method is all handled by the Symfony DI container, when this event is triggered in the OXID eShop.